Media literacy (the art of how to consume media smartly and responsibly) is something that I’ve been meaning to write about for ages: and now since I’m back to blogging after a pretty long hiatus seems to be as good of a time as ever.
So, let’s take something that caught my eye today: a tweet from Nigel Farage; because he is, in the great words of Stewart Lee, “a character”.
Riiight…. So we got a simple, straightforward, piece of information: there’s this guy who’s a law enforcement chief (so he should know his stuff) and he’s saying that about 5000 EU nationals are deemed to present a risk of engaging in terrorist acts. Now, what do we make of this? What is it supposed to mean to us? Presented, as it is, by Mr. Farage in a series of anti-EU tweets, it is presumably supposed to mean: “The EU is a scary place full of terrorists, vote for me so I can get you out”.
Yet somehow I’m reminded of an old joke: “The overwhelming majority of adult deaths happen in bed- so keep out of it!”
Right as I was posting yesterday’s Monday Graph, Libby Anne of Love, Joy Feminism was writing about US Muslims and attitudes towards violence against civilians as well; in response to the infamous “Why I Absolutely Am Islamophobic”, an article by a pastor named Gary Cass calling for nothing short of genocide against American Muslims.
Libby Anne is looking at data from a 2011 Pew Report study, and the results are consistent with the ones in the 2010 Gallup poll I was talking about:
We can also see that the attitudes of Muslims in Pakistan concur with those of American Muslims; and if we look at the Gallup poll again, we can also see Muslims in Indonesia and Turkey not being more likely than most American religious groups to believe actions by individuals/small groups hurting or killing civilians to be at least sometimes justified.
Looking at the responses of Muslims in Palestine, Egypt and Lebanon may paint a more worrisome picture; however, let’s look at the Gallup poll again:
It looks like Muslims in Lebanon and Egypt are no more likely to believe suicide bombing and other actions against civilians are justified to defend Islam than American protestants are to believe that at least sometimes military action targeting and killing civilians is justified.
Found this image on Cracked.com, courtesy of Michael Voli; and the source appears to be this 2010 Gallup poll.
Here are the original graphs with less frills:
This is very obviously quite useful for debunking the “Muslims in the Western world support terrorism” scare rhetoric. What I find particularly interesting, on the other hand, is that Muslim Americans are the religious group with the least discrepancy between opinions on whether a small group is ever justified in violence against civilians and whether the military is ever justified in killing non-combatants.
This may be quite telling of how Muslims in general being associated with terrorism in public discourse is, in turn, shaping their own opinions and reactions: on the one hand, they may feel a need to disassociate themselves from the very idea of terrorism, in a way that -say- Christians or the non-religious do not; on the other hand, if military action in the name of “the war on terror” is to harm and kill innocent civilians, it may be that they fear more than any other group that it would be their own people.